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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

DAVILA-CERVANTES, Claudio A  and  PARDO MONTANO, Ana M. Diabetes mellitus: Contribution to changes in the life expectancy in Mexico 1990, 2000, and 2010. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.6, pp.910-923. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v16n6.40521.

Objective To analyze the level and trend of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Mexico, and its contribution to the changes in temporary life expectancy between 20 and 100 years of age, in the period 1990-2010. Materials and Methods Data comes from National Mortality Vital Statistics and from the Population Census from the Mexican National Institute of Geography and Statistics (INEGI). We calculated standardized mortality rates. To analyze the impact of DM on the temporary life expectancy (80e20) we used Pollard’s method. Results Between 1990 and 2010, the standardized mortality rate for people 20 years and older increased by 224 %. The contribution of DM for men to the change in life expectancy during 1990-2000 was a reduction of 0.31 years; for women was a reduction of 0.32 years; in the period 2000-2010 the reduction continued for both men and women (0.34 and 0.12 years respectively). Conclusions Mortality from DM continues to increase, especially for men, but for women a modest reduction was observed. It is essential to apply health services and programs aimed at reducing mortality from this cause, focused on prevention, early detection and timely treatment, with concrete actions on vulnerable groups.

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus; mortality; life expectancy; Mexico; mortality rate.

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