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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

HURTADO-SIERRA, Daniel E; MEDINA-CHICUE, Eliana M; SARMIENTO-LIMAS, Carlos A  and  GODOY, Javier A. Risk factors related with pediatric accidents in a children's hospital in Bogotá. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.1, pp.74-84. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v17n1.37064.

Objective To describe the biophysical and sociocultural risk factors related to the accident rate in pediatric patients. Method Cross-sectional descriptive study. Data collection through the direct application of surveys. Results 308 surveys were analyzed, obtained between the months of february and april, 2010. Adolescents were the most affected group (33.5 %); the male gender registered the highest number of traumas (64.7 %). The main family type was nuclear 52 %, 34.9 % of patients belonged to stratum 2 and 46,6 % were under the care of their mothers when the accident occurred. 84 % of caretakers had over 5 years study, 47 % considered that the most unsafe place for a child is a public road, and 76.8 % stated having never received information on accident prevention. The most frequent accident was a fall from a height (54.7 %) and home was the place with highest number of traumas (51 %). Discussion Demographic features and sociocultural factors of this study differ from reports from large studies of non-intentional lesions.

Keywords : Accidental falls; accident prevention; child; preschool; infant; adolescent; risk factors.

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