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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

ZAPATA-LOPEZ, Bertha I; DELGADO-VILLAMIZAR, Norma L  and  CARDONA-ARANGO, Doris. Social and family support to the elderly in urban areas. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.6, pp.848-860. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v17n6.34739.

Objective To describe the social and family support networks available to the elderly living in urban areas of the municipality of Angelópolis-Antioquia during the year 2011. Materials A descriptive transversal study was conductedusing the population experience to determine the social support received by the 239 seniors in the urban area of Angelópolis-Antioquia. The data was obtained from primary sources and univariate and bivariate analysis was conducted. Results Mostly women were interviewed (59.8 %) aged between 60 and 74 (66.9 %). The social status that appeared with the highest percentage was "married" (47.3 %) though with the interviewed women the social status with the highest occurrence was "widow" (40.6 %). 69,5 % had an elementary school educational level and 16,7 % had no formal education at all. 60.3 % were registered in the subsidized program. The support from families and friends was qualified as satisfactory. A statistically significant connection was found between gender and undertaking different activities in free time (value of p=0,004). Conclusions the study indicates that loneliness is an aspect that makes the elderly feel unprotected and vulnerable. Despite the general feeling of satisfaction regarding family support, some of them, especially women, expressed feeling mistreated. The data along with the lack of activities for spare time must be taken into account to formulate intervention strategies for effective support networks to improve the situation of this vulnerable population of the municipality.

Keywords : Social support; family; aged; elder abuse.

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