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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

CASTRO-OROZCO, Raimundo; CASTRO-GARCIA, Lyda R  and  GOMEZ-CAMARGO, Doris E. Phylogenetic analysis of South American sequences of the nonstructural protein-1 (ns1) of dengue serotype 2 associated with severe clinical bleeding. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.3, pp.459-469. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n3.44078.

Objective The objective of this in silico study was to compare nucleotide and amino acids DENV-2-NS1 sequences isolated from febrile patients, with and without disease severity, from different South American countries. Matherials and Methods A bayesian MCMC phylogenetic analysis was carried out using 28 complete sequences of the gene NS1 of the DENV-2 serotype (1 056 bp), using MrBayes v.3.2.0 software, with the model SYM+G (2.5 million generations). We also carried out a phylogenetic analysis with Neighbor-Joining method (Jukes-Cantor model). In addition, the amino acids sequences were aligned and compared with each other, using Clustal W included in MEGA v.5.2 software. Results In the amino acids sequences associated with bleeding, the most frequent substitution was isoleucine → threonine at posicion 93. These sequences showed a high percentage (94.6 %) of amino acid homology in comparison with the percentage of amino acids homology (74 %) of DENV-2 isolates not associated with bleeding. Five clades were identified that group the vast majority of the DENV-2-NS1 sequences analyzed (19/24; 79.2 %) with posterior probability values greater than or equal to 58 %. Seven sequences (87.5 %) associated with bleeding were phylogenetically related within clades 4 and 5, the posterior probability values were 58 % and 97 %, respectively. Conclusion Neither phylogenetic characteristics nor differences between amino acids of the DENV-2-NS1 sequences studied were found that could be associated directly with severity of the disease.

Keywords : Dengue virus; severe dengue; phylogeny; sequence homology; ns1 protein; dengue virus type 2; South America.

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