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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

GARCIA-MARTIN, José M.; GONZALEZ-DIAZ, Águeda  and  GARCIA-POLA, María J.. Impact of oral health on the quality of life of pregnant woman. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2, pp.145-152. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n2.55195.

Objective

To identify the factors that determine quality of life related to oral health (OHIP-14) in a population of pregnant women.

Methods

This study included ninety pregnant women, 45 immigrants and 45 from Spain. Participants completed the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) -Spanish version- and the DMFT index (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) was explored during the second trimester of pregnancy. A bivariate and multivariate analytical study was performed.

Results

The average age of immigrant participants was 30.2, and of Spanish women 34.4. The mean OHIP-14 score was 5.83±6.57 (8.15 in the immigrant group and 3.51 in the Spanish group), showing a statistically significant difference (p=0.001). The highest OHIP-14 scores were related to pain (110), followed by psychological distress (81). Considering the median value in the OHIP-14 score as a cut-off (≥3), the odds ratio for oral health that interferes with quality of life was 3.294, and this risk was increased by caries (4.323) but not by age.

Conclusions

Since the DMFT could be one of the determining factors for worst quality of life in pregnant patients, more studies to corroborate this information are necessary in order to expand preventive expectations in the practice of oral health in relation to policies.

Keywords : Pregnant; quality of life; public health dentistry; dental caries; (source: MeSH, NLM)..

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