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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-GARCIA, Jesús; PENALOZA-QUINTERO, Rolando E.  and  AMAYA-LARA, Jeannette L.. Estimation of the global burden of disease in Colombia-2012: new methodological aspects. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2, pp.235-240. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n2.66179.

The new methodology applying for burden of disease study (GBD 2010) is difficult to completely reproduce in Colombia. This paper presents the results of partial use of this methodology to estimate the components years lost due to premature death (YLLs) and lived with disability (YLDs). Redistribution of useless codes produces significant increases in some causes of death, which are preferable to deal with an analysis of causes of death with 15,6 % of useless codes that would provide little or no statistical information. Ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular and hypertensive heart disease events cause the highest risk of mortality rate (164,2 per 100,000). Assaults by firearms and sharp objects, self-inflicted injuries and those caused by motorcycles and four-wheeled vehicles on the road, are the first cause of YLLs per 1000 (34,3). Skin diseases such as dermatitis, erythemas, burns on exposure to sunlight, pediculosis and pityriasis, cause the greatest risk of YLDs per 1000 (51,3). This group of skin diseases are also the leading cause of DALYs per 1000 (51,4). The departments with the highest rates of mortality and YLLs for Group I (communicable diseases) are Guainía, Amazonas, Vaupés, Cauca, Vichada, Putumayo, Nariño, Chocó, Cordoba, La Guajira, Guaviare y Caquetá and with the lower mortality coverage.

Keywords : Burden of disease; premature mortality; years of life lost; (source: MeSH, NLM).

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