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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064


BERNAL, Oscar et al. Surveillance and analysis of border areas, ports of entry and immigrant population. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2, pp.259-267. ISSN 0124-0064.


Perform a literature review about systems of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance for frontier zones and the points of entry of Colombia.

Materials and Methods

A systematic literature review using the Prisma methodology, MeSH and DECS terms, was developed in PubMed and BVS bibliographic databases between 2000 and 2014. We included 51 documents according to inclusion-exclusion criteria and we proposed and discussed these categories: health services, mental health, health status and social determinants.


The analysis makes it possible to evidence that the epidemiological and sanitary surveillance of borders and entry points worldwide, focused mainly on axes such as mental health, transmissible events and events of non-communicable conditions. In addition, the importance of comprehensive care in health services, as well as the analysis of the health status of immigrant population under the territorial, ethnic and cultural differential approach. However, there are few experiences with a social determinants analysis in borders zone and / or entry points.


Differences in the context, health systems, information systems and priorities of each country make the exchange and cooperation between borders challenging. It is necessary to have instruments of cooperation between neighboring countries and a common information based on the Social Determinants of Health.

Keywords : Public health surveillance; health information systems; border disease; health status indicators; social determinants of health; sanitation; epidemiological monitoring; emigration and Immigration; (source: MeSH, NLM).

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