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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

AGUDELO-SALAS, Ivony Y. et al. Serum activity of CK and CK-MB in patients with dengue virus infection. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.4, pp.460-467. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n4.39597.

Objective

To determine the serum activity of CK and CK-MB in patients with dengue infection.

Methods

A cross section study was conducted in the State of Antioquia, Colombia. The study population consisted in 54 patients with diagnosis of dengue infection and 10 healthy controls. A blood sample was taken from all participants to confirm dengue infection and to measure the activity of CK and CK-MB.

Results

The median age of dengue cases was 18 years and the median age of healthy controls was 28.5 years. Half of dengue patients (50.9 %) had elevated levels of CK-MB, in contrast with the healthy controls in which none presented increase of this enzyme. No patient presented myocarditis; however, elevated CK-MB was observed in 33.3 %, 44.4 % and 40 % of cases with bradycardia, tachycardia and hypotension respectively. In 29.6 % of the dengue patients, high level of CK was detected, in contrast to 10 % in the control group. Activity of CK elevated was observed in dengue patients with symptoms such as vomiting, hematemesis and abdominal pain, 87.5 %, 60 % and 50 %, respectively.

Conclusions

In this study, no patient with dengue infection had heart disease or myositis; however, the finding of a higher frequency of elevated level CK and CK-MB in the dengue patients compared to the control group suggests the involvement of the striated muscle and of the cardiac muscle in this group. For this reason, the monitoring of these enzymes should be considered as part of the monitoring of patients with dengue.

Keywords : Dengue; creatine; (source: MeSH, NLM).

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