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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

PARRA-SANCHEZ, José H.; CARDONA-RIVAS, Dora  and  CEREZO-CORREA, María del Pilar. Analysis of conglomerates for the study of social inequalities due to cardiovascular diseases. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.4, pp.475-483. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n4.57358.

Objetive

To establish social inequalities in mortality from cardiovascular diseases in the municipalities located in the "triángulo del café".

Methods

Ecological design that measured social inequalities in mortality due to hypertension, ischemia and stroke according to economic indicators in the municipalities located in Caldas, Quindío, and Risaralda. Mortality for calculating rates and Unsatisfied Basic Needs (NBI) were obtained from the National Statistics Department; the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was calculated for the study. A multivariate cluster analysis was used grouping the municipalities into classes according to the similarity in their characteristics.

Results

Three classes were identified: municipalities of the first class have the highest per capita GDP, the lowest BIN, the highest mortality rate for stroke, the lowest mortality rate for the lowest hypertension. Class two has the lowest per capita GDP and the highest mortality rate for ischemic. Class three has the highest NBI, the highest average in mortality due to hypertension and ischemic. The conglomerate conformation suggests a relationship between a high BIN and the mortality rates due to hypertensive and ischemic. A high per capita GDP and low NBI with the mortality rate for stroke.

Conclusion

No significant differences in the mortality rates due to stroke, ischemic or hypertension, in the various states under study were observed.

Keywords : Inequalities; hypertension; ischemia; stroke; gross domestic product; poverty areas; cluster analysis; (source: MeSH, NLM).

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