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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

ROBLEDO-MARTINEZ, Rocío et al. Quality of life and environment in communities close to industrial mining activity in Boyacá, Colombia. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.4, pp.511-518. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n4.70324.

Objective

To compare the life quality perception and environmental situation, in nearby and distant towns from the mining industry of the Boyacá Department of Colombia

Method

Cross-sectional study. The towns near of influence area were grouped into zones 1 and 2, and distant towns as zone 0. Conglomerates carried out a simple, multistage, random sampling. A sample of 1,117 households was determined and the unit of analysis was the family. To measure the quality of life and health perception, the WHOQOL-BREF instrument was used. Frequency distributions and comparisons between qualitative and quantitative variables were calculated. Univariate and bivariate analyzes were performed.

Results

The life quality perception and satisfaction with health was greater in zone 0. The means calculated for the four domains of the questionnaire, by towns, shows that Ramiriquí has the highest interquartile ranges. The life quality perception decreases in women and with increasing age. In zones 1 & 2, the environment was described as "very bad" and without any improvement at the last five years.

Conclusion

Communities close to mining-industrial activities report a worse perception of health, greater concern about the risk of exposure and do not consider that mining industry provides greater benefits for their quality of life.

Keywords : Quality of life; perception; environment; air quality; coal mining; Colombia; (source: MeSH, NLM).

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