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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

TRUJILLO-HERNANDEZ, Benjamín et al. Frequency of metabolic syndrome and risk factors in adults with and without diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.5, pp.609-616. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n5.56960.

Objective

Determinate the frequency and the risk factors for Metabolic Syndrome in adults with diabetes mellitus, Hypertension and without Diabetes- Hypertension.

Materials and Methods

We realized a cross-sectional study in patients of both sexes and older than 20 years of the "Hospital General de Zona 1 IMSS" in Colima, Mexico. The variables studied were: age, BMI, waist circumference, cigarette smoking, and family history of diabetes and hypertension, and biochemical parameters, such as glucose, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

Results

A total of 417 persons were enrolled (170 men and 247 women), with an age average of 53.2 ± 13.4 years (age range, 20 to 86 years). The global frequency of the metabolic syndrome was 52.3 % (56 % in women and 46.4 % in men). While the MS frequency was 50 % in DM2, 42 % in hypertension, 80 % in DM2+hypertension and 28.2 % without DM2 and hypertension. The cigarette smoking frequency was 27.8 %, and it was an important risk factor for the totally of patients with MS, in DM2 and in DM2+hypertension.

Conclusions

The frequency of MS in adults was 52.3 %, women were the most affected, and cigarette smoking was the most important risk factor.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; prevalence; obesity; diabetes mellitus; hypertension; hypercholesterolemia (source: MeSH, NLM).

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