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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

GUTIERREZ-PEREZ, Ruth B.; ZULUAGA-LONDONO, Nidia M.  and  GALLEGO-LOPEZ, Felipe A.. Cardiovascular risk factors in a coffee-growing region of the Department of Caldas. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.6, pp.749-753. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n6.63673.

Objectives

To determine the cardiovascular risk factors in a coffee population of the department of Caldas.

Materials and Methods

A Cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 to 964 coffee growers affiliated to la Cooperativa de Caficultores de Manizales in six sites located in the center and east of the department. After the survey, anthropometric measures and biochemical tests were performed. The results were analyzed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)

Results

The incidences in the study were: Male gender 78 %, smoking prevalence 27.2 %, background information of family members deceased before 55 years old by coronary etiology 24 %, arterial hypertension 14 %, hypercholesterolemia 56.58 %; the circumference of the waist for men 90.7 cm and for women 88.1; the body mass index average for the population was 24.7 kg/m2.

Conclusions

Hypercholesterolemia was the common and most predisposing cardiovascular risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease in this population; the early detection of risk factors allows developing promotion and preventing strategies in order to reduce their morbidity, mortality, disability and costs associated with cardiovascular disease.

Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases; arterial pressure; waist circumference, smoking (source: MeSH, NLM).

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