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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

CHANAME-ZAPATA, Fernán et al. Knowledge and prevention measures against sexually transmitted infections in Peruvians Andean adolescents. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2021, vol.23, n.1, e200.  Epub May 10, 2021. ISSN 0124-0064.  https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v23n1.85165.

Objective

To evaluate the level of knowledge and preventive measures used against Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in Andean adolescents.

Methods

Quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with 200 school adolescents from the Andean districts of the Junín region - Peru. Knowledge of concepts, forms of transmis-sion and preventive measures before STIs was recorded through a questionnaire validated by expert judgment in a pilot test.

Results

82% of adolescents answered incorrectly about the concept of STIs, but 89% responded correctly about the definition of AIDS. More than 85% know that sexual intercourse is the main form of STI transmission and that sexual intercourse, blood transfusions and mother-to-child transmission are the main forms of HIV transmission; however, 70% of adolescents did not respond correctly about the correct sequence of condom use.

Conclusion

The level of knowledge of Andean adolescents in Peru regarding sexually transmitted infections is intermedíate to low; Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen public policies for the prevention of STIs in this vulnerable population.

Keywords : Health knowledge; risk Factors; sexually transmitted diseases; adolescents (source: MeSH, NLM).

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