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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

IDROVO, Alvaro J.; SANTANDER-DUENAS, María T.; PORRAS-HOLGUIN, Julieth A.  and  AMAYA-CASTELLANOS, Claudia I.. Adaptation and factorial validation of two scales of solastalgia in Spanish in contexts with dams. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2021, vol.23, n.1, e204.  Epub May 21, 2021. ISSN 0124-0064.  https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v23n1.91216.

Objective

To report the results of the adaptation process and psychometric evaluation of two scales to measure solastalgia in contexts related to the construction of dams.

Methods

First, the Environmental Distress Scale of Higginbotham et al was adapted to Spanish, which was tested with a riverine population of the San Jorge River (Córdoba). Then there were focus groups and interviews with residents near to Hidrosogamoso dam to understand the concept of solastalgia associated with the construction of reservoirs. Finally, two scales were built, of eight and 13 items, which were used with residents near the Sogamoso (Santander) and El Quimbo (Huila) hydroelectric dams, respectively. The validation included the one-dimensionality assessment with principal components, and the reliability assessment with Cronbach's alpha.

Results

103 individuals from the surroundings of the Hidrosogamoso dam and 277 indivi-duals from the El Quimbo reservoir participated in the study. In both scales, a factor with an eigenvalue of 3.95 and 8.12 was identified in Hidrosogamoso and El Quimbo, respectively. The Cronbach coefficients were 0.8515 and 0.9441 for the Hidrosogamoso and El Quimbo groups, respectively.

Conclusions

The results allowed two scales of 8 and 13 items in Spanish, the latter being the one with the best psychometric performance. It is not possible to have a solastalgia scale, because it must be adapted to the deteriorated or polluted environment related to solastalgia.

Keywords : Environmental psychology; environmental health; validation; Colombia (source: MeSH, NLM).

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