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Psicogente

versão impressa ISSN 0124-0137

Resumo

CAMPO-ARIAS, Adalberto; HERAZO, Edwin  e  OVIEDO, Heidi Celina. Correlation between the attitude toward female and male homosexuality in medical students. Psicogente [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.37, pp.173-181. ISSN 0124-0137.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17081/psico.20.37.2426.

The article is a result of a research whose objective was to explore the quantitative correlation between homophobia and lesbophobia among medical students from a university in Bogota, Co lombia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with medical students over 18 years. Homophobia and lesbophobia were measured with the scale Attitude toward Gays and Lesbians (ATGL). The ATGL has of two ten-item scales: Attitude toward Gay Men Scale (ATG) and Attitude toward Lesbian Women Scale (ATL). Correlation between both scales was computed with the Pearson coefficient (r). It was hypothesized that homophobia and lesbophobia were different constructs if the correlation between scales was lower than 0.60. A total of 359 medical students participated in the research. The age average was 20.2 years old (SD=1.9); and 59.1 % were females. The ATG (Cronbach's alpha of 0.85) scores were between 10 and 50, with an average of 27.9 (SD=8.1) and for ATL (Cronbach's alpha of 0.73) between 10 and 45, with an average of 24.8 (SD=6.8). The correlation between homophobia (ATG) and lesbophobia (ATL) was of r=0.64 (p<0.001). It was that concluded that the ATG and ATL show a significantly high correlation; it suggests that homophobia and lesbophobia are not different constructs and both terms could be included in the general concept of sexual prejudice. Other researches must corroborate the present finding.

Palavras-chave : Sexual prejudice; Attitude; Homosexuality; Students; Female homosexuality; Male homosexuality.

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