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Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana

Print version ISSN 0124-4108

Abstract

GIRALDO-GIRALDO, Nubia Amparo; ZEA-PERDOMO, Adriana María; TOBON-ARISTIZABAL, Tiffanni  and  ESTRADA-RESTREPO, Alejandro. Metabolic syndrome in a non-institutionalized elderly group according to international organizations’ criteria. Perspect Nut Hum [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.1, pp.25-35. ISSN 0124-4108.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v18n1a03.

Background:

Although metabolic syndrome is common in elderly people, it is not clear if cardiovascular risk is increased in this population group.

Objective:

To determine the proportion of metabolic syndrome in a group of elderly people older than 60 years according to international organizations criteria.

Materials and methods:

Cross sectional descriptive study performed in 141 adults older than 60 years in Medellin-Colombia. The metabolic syndrome was classified according to the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, clinical, biochemical and life-style variables were assessed

Results:

Were female 73.8 % of individuals and 84.4 % had ages between 60-74 years old. The metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 45.4 % of the population based on the IDF criteria and 27.0 % according to ATPIII. Abdominal obesity, low HDL cholesterol and hypertriglyceridemia were the most frequent components found. The metabolic syndrome based on IDF criteria was more frequent in women (p= 0,026), in elderly people with low educational level (p=0,011), and with higher BMI (p <0,001).

Conclusion:

The proportion of MS was high according to IDF criteria; In addition, association with female gender, level of education and BMI was found.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; elderly; hyperlipidemia; abdominal obesity; body mass index; hypertension.

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