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Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana

Print version ISSN 0124-4108


YAGUACHI-ALARCOM, Ruth Adriana; REYES-LOPEZ, Mariela Felisa  and  POVEDA-LOOR, Carlos Luis. Influence of Lifestyles on the Nutritional Status of University Students. Perspect Nut Hum [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.2, pp.145-156. ISSN 0124-4108.


Attendance to university is a major change in a student’s lifestyle, which may be reflected in their nutritional status.


Seek the association between lifestyle and anthropometric changes in university students of the Polytechnic School of the Litoral in Guayaquil-Ecuador over a period of three years.

Materials and Methods:

Descriptive cohort study with a sample of 336 students of both sexes, in whom nutritional status was evaluated by anthropometry, and lifestyle was investigated through a previously validated survey.


Between 2014 and 2017, excess weight (overweight + obesity) increased from 25.6% to 31.9%, BMI, body fat, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist to hip ratio (p <0.05). Alcohol consumption was associated with greater weight (+3.7 Kg) and waist to hip ratio, and higher frequency of consumption of soft drinks with greater weight (+5 kg). The consumption of fast foods was associated with increase in waist to hip ratio (p <0.005). No anthropometric differences were found associated with cigarette use, physical activity, or consumption of fruits and vegetables.


In the university population studied, excess weight and body fat is increasing, while alcohol and soda consumption as well as smoking affect nutritional status.

Keywords : Lifestyle; nutritional status; university students; overweight; obesity; feeding behavior.

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