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Biota colombiana

Print version ISSN 0124-5376On-line version ISSN 2539-200X


GONCALVES SANTOS, Sara; PIERETTI, Nadia; YOUNG, Robert John  and  DUARTE, Marina. Biophony in a noisy tropical urban forest fragment. Biota colombiana [online]. 2021, vol.22, n.1, pp.96-107. ISSN 0124-5376.

Anthropogenic noise, which is part of an urban soundscape, can negatively affect the behaviour of wild animals. Here we investigated how biophony (animal sounds) was affected by noise in an urban Brazilian forest fragment. Our hypothesis was that noise and biophony would differ between the border and the centre of the forest fragment (i.e., lower biophony predicted in noisy areas). Two passive acoustic monitoring devices were used to record soundscapes one week per month, 24 hour per day, from May to July 2012. The Acoustic Complexity Index (ACI) was used to quantify biophony and the Power Spectral Density (PSD) to quantify urban noise. PSD and ACI were higher on the border than in the centre of the fragment. PSD was lower in July, while the ACI did not significantly vary between months. Noise levels were also higher on the border. Conversely, potential species richness was higher in the centre of the forest fragment. Higher biophony at noisy sites can be interpreted as behavioural responses of species for communicating in noisy areas. Alternatively, they could be the result of species segregation by degree of vocal plasticity or due to differences in composition of communities.

Keywords : Animal communication; Ecoacoustics; Noise; Soundscapes; Urban environment..

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