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Revista de Economía Institucional

versión impresa ISSN 0124-5996

Resumen

KALMANOVITZ, Salomón. COLOMBIA IN THE TWO STAGES OF GLOBALIZATION. Rev.econ.inst. [online]. 2007, vol.9, n.17, pp.43-74. ISSN 0124-5996.

The historians of the globalization process divide it in two great periods: 1860 to 1914, followed by the disintegration of trade, capital and labor flows, and from 1950 to the present. This essay attempts to understand the performance of the Colombian economy during the two globalizations. In spite of entering into the first phase late, it did very well, maybe because its point of departure on the scale of development was extremely low. The participation of the flows of trade and capital in its gross product increased systematically until 1930. In the second phase, however, Colombia’s performance was mediocre, with high barriers imposed against trade and foreign investment, while at the same time its financial sector was repressed to benefit some agents with political power.

Palabras clave : Colombia; globalization; economic development; international trade.

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