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Revista de Economía Institucional

Print version ISSN 0124-5996

Abstract

MARTINEZ C., Alberto. COLOMBIA AND VENEZUELA: ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE, EXCHANGE RATE AND STATE-BUSINESS RELATIONS. Rev.econ.inst. [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.19, pp.265-291. ISSN 0124-5996.

In 1980, Venezuelan income per capita in dollars was 1.4 times higher than that of Colombia, but in 2007, this ratio was reversed and the Colombian income was 1.1 higher than that of Venezuela. This result deserves an explanation, as both countries made similar structural reforms to allow a free economy and to integrate with international markets. This paper aims to explain this result. The main conclusion is that the State-entrepreneur relationship and the real exchange rate management are crucial for the explanation of the difference in the economic performance of both countries.

Keywords : Colombia; Venezuela; economic development; State-government relations; institutions.

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