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Universidad y Salud

Print version ISSN 0124-7107On-line version ISSN 2389-7066


RESTREPO-BETANCUR, Luis Fernando  and  RODRIGUEZ-ESPINOSA, Holmes. Comparative analysis of life expectancy in South America, 1980 - 2010. Univ. Salud [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.177-187. ISSN 0124-7107.

Introduction: Life expectancy is a parameter of vital interest to design development strategies in a country in terms of education, health, transport, pension system, among others. This research aimed to make a comparison in terms of life expectancy among countries of South America and its relationship with the investment of gross domestic product on health. Materials and methods: A Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) with canonical orthogonal contrast, exploratory descriptive analysis of one-dimensional typewas used, based on the analysis of different databases from the World Health Organization, the Pan-American Health Organization and National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), according to sex and country factors. Results: A highly significant difference between countries (pConclusions: In general, life expectancy in South America has increased. No relation between life expectancy and public health investment as a percentage of GDP was detected.

Keywords : Life expectancy; mortality rate; vital statistics.

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