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Universidad y Salud

Print version ISSN 0124-7107
On-line version ISSN 2389-7066

Abstract

CASTILLO-AVILA, Irma Yolanda et al. Knowledge, attitudes, susceptibility and self-efficacy against HIV infection in adolescents from Cartagena, Colombia. Univ. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.1, pp.26-36. ISSN 0124-7107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22267/rus.171901.66.

Objective:

To determine knowledge, attitudes, susceptibility and self-efficacy facing HIV infection in school adolescents in the city of Cartagena.

Materials and methods:

A descriptive cross-sectional study was made with a reference population of 15,686 adolescents from formal educational institutions who are enrolled in tenth and eleventh grades. A sample of 580 adolescents was estimated, and a probabilistic multi-stage sample was applied. The HIV/AIDS-65 Scale was used for data collection, previous informed consent. The data were processed using the Microsoft Excel program and were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results:

A total of 579 adolescents with an average age of 15.6 years (= 0.9 years), mainly of female sex (65.6% (380)) successfully completed the questionnaire. The 45% (261) presents deficient knowledge, 55% (318) presents misconceptions about the disease, 69.6% (400) showed negative attitudes, 46.1% (266) do not considered themselves susceptible to contract the disease and 49.5% (286) showed low self-efficacy for the prevention of the infection.

Conclusion:

Little knowledge about HIV and its modes of transmission, mixed with misconceptions, increases the likelihood of infection among adolescents, especially when negative attitudes, low perception of susceptibility and little self-efficacy for prevention are combined.

Keywords : Adolescent; health knowledge, attitudes, practice; HIV; sexual health; self-efficacy.

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