SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.19 issue1Social support perceived in family caregivers of people with chronic diseaseEfficiency in the reduction of chromium by a wild bacterium in a Batch treatment type using residual water substrate from the municipality of Pasto, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Universidad y Salud

Print version ISSN 0124-7107
On-line version ISSN 2389-7066

Abstract

CHALAPUD-NARVAEZ, Luz Marina  and  ESCOBAR-ALMARIO, Armando. Physical activity to improve strength and balance in old people. Univ. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.1, pp.94-101. ISSN 0124-7107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22267/rus.171901.73.

Introduction:

Old age encompasses a fairly broad age in a person's life, and physical activity becomes the strategy to improve the elderly's life quality.

Objective:

To determine the effectiveness of a physical activity program in improving strength to the lower limbs and balance for the elderly.

Materials and methods:

Semi-experimental longitudinal study with a sample of 57 elderly people to whom an initial and final assessment of balance and strength was performed, as well as a 4-week physical activity program with 2 training sessions each, comprising posture, proprioception, balance and muscle strength exercises. The program used for data analysis was SPSS v.24.0 for Windows. An univariate analysis was performed applying central trend measurements (mean, median, mode, standard deviation, range) and a statistical analysis with non-parametric testing for two related Wilcoxon samples.

Results:

The following tests showed statistical significance: Functional extension (p=0,000), open eyes tandem (p=0,20), closed eyes tandem (p=0,002), closed eyes unipodal (p=0,012) and sitting/standing (p=0,000). Conclusion: This study determined that physical activity is effective to improve balance and muscle strength for lower limbs and a suitable tool to preserve senior's functionality and Independence.

Keywords : Motor/Physical activity; aged; balance/postural balance; muscle strength.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )