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Universidad y Salud

versão impressa ISSN 0124-7107
versão On-line ISSN 2389-7066


PEDROZO-PUPO, John Carlos; CELEMIN-GUETE, Gabriel Jesús  e  CAMPO-ARIAS, Adalberto. Association between body mass index and exacerbation frequency in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from Santa Marta, Colombia. Univ. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.21, n.2, pp.127-131. ISSN 0124-7107.


Body mass index (BMI) is inversely related to the exacerbation frequency in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this relationship may vary depending on the context.


To quantify the association of BMI with exacerbation frequency in patients from Santa Marta-Colombia.

Materials and methods:

A cross-sectional study of adults with COPD. We calculated the BMIs, and the exacerbation frequencies were estimated using the Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification.


292 patients aged between 49-95 years were included. From those, 180 (61.6%) were male, 153 (52.4%) were healthy, 21 (7.2%) showed malnutrition, and 118 (40.4%) were overweight/obese patients. The observed IMCs were between 12.8 and 40.2 (median=24.2; SD=4.5). Whereas 156 patients (53,4%) were classified as GOLD A or B (infrequent exacerbations), 136 of them (46.6%) were GOLD C of D (frequent exacerbations). 85,7% of the patients with malnutrition showed frequent exacerbations, compared to both patients with healthy weight (51,6%) and overweight/obese patients (33.1%) (OR=0.18; CI95% 0.05-0.66 for healthy weight and OR=0.08; CI95% 0.02-0.29 for overweight/obesity, both compared to patients with malnutrition).


BMI is inversely correlated with exacerbation frequency in patients with COPD from Santa Marta-Colombia.

Palavras-chave : Chronic pulmonary obstructive disease; body mass index; quality of life; cross-sectional studies.

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