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Universidad y Salud

Print version ISSN 0124-7107On-line version ISSN 2389-7066


PULIDO-MONTES, María Andreina  and  BUENO-ROBLES, Luz Stella. Quality of life related to health, anxiety and depression in people with cardioverter defibrillators. Univ. Salud [online]. 2021, vol.23, n.2, pp.109-119.  Epub May 01, 2021. ISSN 0124-7107.


Cardiovascular diseases have caused a rise in arrhythmias, increasing the use caridoverter defibrillators. Although, these devices prevent arrhythmias, they may also affect the quality of life.


To describe the association between quality of life and health, anxiety and depression in people who use cardioverter defibrillators.

Materials and methods:

A qualitative, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study was carried out with 85 patients using implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Sociodemographic records, the Health Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Beck Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire were used.


81.2% of participants were men with their ages ranging between 36 and 92 years. The health-related quality of life showed a negative correlation with respect to anxiety (r=- 0.622) and a slight correlation with depression (rs=-0.599; p<0.001).


The use of a cardioverter-defibrillator can trigger anxiety and depression that can deteriorate the health-related quality of life if not timely intervened. It is important to implement early actions that generate well-being.

Keywords : Quality of life; anxiety; depression; cardiovascular nursing; catheters; indwelling; death; sudden; defibrillators, implantable.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )