Print version ISSN 0366-5232
RIVERA-RONDON, CARLOS ALBERTO; PRADA-PEDREROS, SAÚL; GALINDO, DIANA and MALDONADO-OCAMPO, JAVIER A.. EFFECTS OF AQUATIC VEGETATION ON THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF GRUNDULUS BOGOTENSIS, HUMBOLDT 1821 (CHARACIFORMES: CHARACIDAE). Caldasia [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.1, pp. 135-150. ISSN 0366-5232.
G. bogotensis has a geographic distribution restricted to the Colombian Cundiboyacense plateau, it is listed as near threatened, and research on its autoecology is scarce. Three collections were made in 2006 in the Fúquene Lake, Cundinamarca, Colombia (5° 27' 55'' N, 75° 46' 19'' W) to describe the habitats occupied by G. bogotensis and to determine its vertical and horizontal distribution. Three sampling zones were selected according to the type of dominant macrophyte (Eichornia crassipes, Schoenoplectus sp. and Egeria densa). In each sampling zone two different cylindrical sampling traps (cloth and PVC) were placed at three depths: surface, mid-depth and bottom. Three replicates were used for each depth and type of trap. Traps were exposed for 24 hours and checked every 6 hours. In addition to the traps, sampling by electrofishing was conducted in each sampling zone during every month. To characterize the study area, physical and chemical variables were analyzed and the structure of phytoplankton, zooplankton, periphyton, and macroinvertebrate communities was studied. Results showed spatial differences on G. bogotensis habitat occupation and differences in captures at each depth, which depend on the dominant type of aquatic vegetation and size of individual. We conclude that only cylindrical cloth traps are suitable to conduct population studies of G. bogotensis.
Keywords : Grundulus bogotensis; aquatic macrophytes; spatial distribution.