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Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales

Print version ISSN 0370-3908


GOMEZ-GUTIERREZ, Alberto. Genetic characterization of the first settlers of the North-Eastern Andes in Colombia. Rev. acad. colomb. cienc. exact. fis. nat. [online]. 2017, vol.41, n.161, pp.418-434. ISSN 0370-3908.

Beyond the discovery and study of mineral objects transformed by the communities that inhabited the North-Eastern Andes in pre-Columbian times, human remains can be analyzed today with the tools of molecular genetics applied to DNA extracted from bones and teeth of each individual. The present text presents a synthesis of the works published in the past ten years by the Institute of Human Genetics at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogotá, based on the analysis of DNA of contemporary and pre-Columbian natives, in a time range of over 6,000 years. These studies have provided insights on the dynamics of circulation in space and over time of the settlers of the Northwest corner of South America. New genetic findings, coupled with concepts contributed by anthropology and archaeology on these same communities, will help to precise factors such as the diversity and biological affiliation of different human groups that have settled in the Colombian territory.

Keywords : mtDNA; Native Americans; Colombia; haplogroups.

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