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Aquichan

Print version ISSN 1657-5997

Abstract

COGOLLO-MILANES, Zuleima  and  GOMEZ-BUSTAMANTE, Edna Margarita. Variables Associated with the Onset of Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescent Public Middle-School Students in Cartagena, Colombia. Aquichan [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.2, pp.226-236. ISSN 1657-5997.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2014.14.2.9.

Objective: Determine the prevalence and the variables associated with the onset of cigarette smoking among vocational middle-school students in the city of Cartagena (Colombia). Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational analytic study of 1,100 public middle-schools students in Cartagena who were enrolled during 2012. The information was collected by means of a demographic fact sheet, the World Youth Tobacco Survey (Emta_Joven) inventory on cigarette consumption and attitudes towards smoking, the family Apgar scale, the Rosenberg self-esteem questionnaire, and Zung's anxiety scale. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate statistical analyzes were done. Results: A total of 1,090 (10 were discarded be poorly filled out) students between the ages of 10 and 18 took part. The mean is 12.3; 565 of the students are male (51.8% and 525 are female (48.2%). Cigarette smoking at some point during their lifetime was associated with the ages between 13 and 18 (OR = 2.86; 95% CI 1.96 to 4.18), being male (OR = 2.40; 95% 1.63 to 3.56) and a high intention of substance use (cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana) (OR = 3.18; 95% CI 2.18 to 4.64). Conclusion: In the case of vocational middle-school students in Cartagena (Colombia), having smoked cigarettes at some point in their lifetime was associated with a high intention to use substances, being an adolescent and being a male.

Keywords : Tobacco use disorder; students; adolescent; nursing; tobacco products.

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