Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud
versão impressa ISSN 1657-7027
GONZALEZ-GUZMAN, Rafael; GARCIA-GARCIA, Juan José e TINOCO-MARQUINA, Aline. Inequity by social class, ethnicity and gender expressed in stunting. Rev. Gerenc. Polit. Salud [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.18, pp. 78-89. ISSN 1657-7027.
Objective: To ascertain the impact of inequality by social class, ethnicity and gender on growth in stature and the prevalence of stunting. Material and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was constructed with information from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2006, comparing the average height and the prevalence of stunting, according to indicators of social class, gender and ethnicity. Results: Statistically significant differences were found in stature and stunting, according to socioeconomic status, literacy, schooling, ethnicity, the birth cohort and gender. These differences become larger in more recent birth cohorts. Conclusions: Data from survey show inequalities in the prevalence of stunting that has been accentuated over the years, these inequalities express of social inequalities by ethnicity, class and gender.
Palavras-chave : Body Heigth; Gender Identity; Health Inequalities; Ethnic Groups; Social Class; Malnutrition; Stature; Gender Identity; Social Inequality; Influence.