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Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud

Print version ISSN 1657-7027

Abstract

FRANCO-CORTES, Ángela María et al. Inequities in Early Childhood Health in the Municipality of Andes, Antioquia, Colombia. A Critical Epidemiology Analysis. Rev. Gerenc. Polit. Salud [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.31, pp.246-261. ISSN 1657-7027.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.rgyps15-31.ispi.

Colombia recognizes health as a fundamental right, however persistent inequities in early childhood. The objective was to describe the situation of early childhood and health inequalities between social groups in the municipality of Andes-Antioquia. A descriptive study framed in critical epidemiology was conducted, included assessment of growth and development and the State of dentition of642 children 0 to 5 years. The accompanying adult was also surveyed. The sampling was probabilistic in urban areas and for concentration in rural areas. The population was classified into five social groups. Indicators of nutritional status and dental caries experience behaved unevenly, being better in children from families of employees/independent with higher education and worse in the group of day laborers. Inequities in oral health and child development among children sub-salaried families and other groups are evident.

Keywords : social determinants of health; social class; health status; oral health; early childhood; inequalities.

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