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Pensamiento Psicológico

Print version ISSN 1657-8961


CARDOSO-ESCAMILLA, María Esther; ZAVALA-BONACHEA, María Teresa  and  ALVA-LOPEZ, María del Carmen. Depression and Posttraumatic Stress in Women with Induced and Involuntary Gestational Losses. Pensam. psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.2, pp.109-120. ISSN 1657-8961.

Objetive. To evaluate and compare depression disorders (DD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after induced or involuntary pregnancy loss in women who requested psychological assistance. Method. A total of 287 individuals from Mexico City attended in the Instituto para la Rehabilitación de la Mujer y la Familia, A.C. (IRMA) from 2013 to 2016; 201 with induced pregnancy loss and 86 with involuntary loss. The women were applied the Beck Depression Inventory, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) and the PTSD Symptoms Scale (PSS-I) in the first session. Results. In the (PSS-I) scale 61.2% of women with induced loss showed PTSD. There were no significant differences between the scores of the two types of loss in both tests that evaluated PTSD. For depression disorders (DD), significantly higher scores were found in the Beck Depression Inventory and CES-D in women with induced loss. Conclusion. The results confirm that induced and involuntary pregnancy losses can cause intense PTSD and women with induced pregnancy loss may experience more severe depressive states.

Keywords : Abortion; depression; posttraumatic stress; miscarriage.

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