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Pensamiento Psicológico

versão impressa ISSN 1657-8961

Resumo

ACEVEDO-TRIANA, César A.; MUNOZ OLANO, Juan Francisco  e  REYES, Pablo. Differences on Utilitarian and Moral Decision Between Male and Female . Pensam. psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.1, pp.45-60. ISSN 1657-8961.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/javerianacali.ppsi17-1.dumd.

Objective.

Moral judgments are based on decisions that take into account the representation of norms and law, values, functionality and situations themselves. Morality has been studied with “hypothetic moral dilemmas”, in order to identify the type of outcome and the process behind moral reasoning. But judgments by themselves are not enough to establish differences in the type of resolution or the relationship with other cognitive processes. The present paper aimed to compare performance in tasks of utility maximization, cognitive control, and moral judgments, taking into account sex and other sociodemographic variables.

Method.

Seventy-three university students participated (50 women, 20 men and 3 with unreported gender, the average age was 19.53 years (SD = 1.68 years). The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) was used to identify behaviors of utility maximization. In addition, we used the switch costs and the web application of moral machine tasks.

Results.

A difference between variables of the IGT, but no differences in the switch costs task were found.

Conclusion.

Regarding moral judgment, males gave more value to respect norms than females. Some variables of the IGT task support outcomes related to differences between sexes. Results are congruent with differences shown in existing literature.

Palavras-chave : Morality; judgments; decisions; utilitarianism; deontological.

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