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Pensamiento Psicológico

versão impressa ISSN 1657-8961

Resumo

MACHIMBARRENA, Juan M.; GONZALEZ-CABRERA, Joaquín  e  GARAIGORDOBIL, Maite. Family Variables Related to Bullying and Cyberbullying: A Systematic Review. Pensam. psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.2, pp.37-56. ISSN 1657-8961.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11e144/javerianacali.ppsi17-2.vfrb.

Objective.

To review studies that have analyzed the relationship of bullying and cyberbullying with the family context.

Method.

PRISMA protocol for systematic reviews was used in all documents registered in the main psychology databases featuring the keywords bullying/cyberbullying and family/parents, between 2004 and 2017. Seventy-four articles met the inclusion criteria.

Results.

The review revealed the following familiar variables associated with each role. Victims of bullying: authoritarian, punitive, negligent, or permissive parents; dysfunctional homes, low family harmony, conflicts, poor parent-child communication; criticism, low parental support/attention, or overprotection. Cyber-victims: authoritarian or negligent parents; family conflicts, low parental support, distant parents, negative emotional bonding with parents. Bullies: authoritarian, punitive or permissive parents; dysfunctional homes, parental conflicts, domestic violence; rejection, criticism, and little parental affection. Cyberbullies: authoritarian, negligent or permissive parents, and family conflicts. Protective factors: democratic, balanced parents; no domestic conflicts, family cohesion, quality interactions, easy parent-child communication, parents support and care for their children, close-knit relationships, and foster secure attachment.

Conclusion.

Some family variables may be relevant, although the probability of becoming a victim or aggressor of bullying and cyberbullying may be influenced by other factors.

Palavras-chave : Bullying; cyberbullying; family; systematic review.

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