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Universitas Psychologica

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YANEZ GALLARDO, Rodrigo; AHUMADA FIGUEROA, Luis  and  COVA SOLAR, Félix. Trust and distrust: two necessary factors for the development of the social trust. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2006, vol.5, n.1, pp.9-20. ISSN 1657-9267.

Recent investigations argue that distrust is the absence of trust and it would be assumed that both attitudes are independent; that would allow to distinguish between the naïve attitude and the wise attitude in the trust. It has been built a scale to measure the disposition to trust and the relationship has been examined among naïve and wise attitude when trusting. The sample was constituted by 575 university students of both sexes, of four faculties and of different years of study. Through a factorial analysis it was found that trust and distrust correspond to different factors. It was discussed the importance of increase an optimal trust in order to develop social abilities and to stimulate the social participation. It was questioned the validity of traditional surveys that measure the social trust.

Keywords : Trust; distrust; wise attitude; naive attitude; emotions; prudence.

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