Print version ISSN 1657-9267
PINA-LOPEZ, JULIO ALFONSO and SANCHEZ-SOSA, JUAN JOSÉ. PSYCHOLOGICAL MODEL FOR INVESTIGATION OF THERAPEUTIC COMPLIANCE BEHAVIORS IN PEOPLE WITH HIV. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2007, vol.6, n.2, pp. 399-407. ISSN 1657-9267.
The present paper proposes a psychological model for research on treatment adherence behavior in persons with HIV. The elements of the model are grouped in four stages, two psychological and two biological. The first includes dispositional variables such as interactive situations related to stress, functional competencies and motives, as well instrumental risk and preventive behaviors. The second includes the disease generated by HIV and others resulting in diverse pathologies. In the third phase, once pathology sets its course, the model involves the role of two types of behaviors, treatment adherence and those typically associated to the disease itself. The fourth includes the potential effects of the psychological components as modulators of both biological vulnerability and the development of further HIV-related pathology.
Keywords : psychological model; adherence behaviors; HIV; stress; behavioral competencies.