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Universitas Psychologica

versão impressa ISSN 1657-9267

Resumo

ZERPA G, CARLOS E; LOPEZ, ALBA M  e  RAMIREZ L, JORGE J. CONSTRUCTION OF AN INSTRUMENT OF VOCATIONAL PREFERENCES FOR ENGINEERING CAREERS: THE IPVI INVENTORY. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2007, vol.6, n.3, pp.523-538. ISSN 1657-9267.

The main purpose of this work is to present the construction process and the most important psychometrical properties of a vocational preference test which we hope will prove to be a useful tool to help future engineering students make vocational decisions. The test may help to clarify the possible options within the general areas of study, according to the different specializations available. Originally, the IPVI included 14 subscales that corresponded to the same number of engineering specializations offered in a Venezuelan university. The factorial structure underlying local data was studied through a sample of 174 engineering students, males and females, between 16 and 24 years old, via a factorial analysis of the consistency of the instrument and each subscale through Cronbach Alpha coefficient. An analysis of the main components was carried out and a new version of seven categories was made which was administrated to a sample of 456 students of both sexes, of ages between 16 and 25, from an important Venezuelan higher education institution. The factors found support the proposed dimensions in the second study. Some psychometric properties and implications for vocational counseling will be discussed.

Palavras-chave : vocational counseling; vocational preferences; vocational interest; engineering; occupational choice; vocational guidance; psychometrics.

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