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Universitas Psychologica

versão impressa ISSN 1657-9267

Resumo

ARBINAGA IBARZABAL, FÉLIX  e  CARACUEL TUBIO, JOSÉ CARLOS. DEPENDENCY ON EXERCISE IN COMPETITIVE BODYBUILDERS ASSESSED BY MEANS OF THE RAMÓN Y CAJAL GENERAL ADDICTION SCALE. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2007, vol.6, n.3, pp.549-558. ISSN 1657-9267.

We plan to bring forward data which will enable us to carry out an approximation of the addiction to training in a group of bodybuilding competitors about which there has been no information up to now in Spain. 116 male subjects filled in the Ramón y Cajal General Addiction Scale. 64 (55.17%) of these were considered new to muscular training and 52 (44.83%) were competitors. The competitor bodybuilders have shown a significantly better punctuation in all the dimensions of the general addiction scale (craving: t = 2.81, p = 0.006; withdrawal: t = 3.59, p = 0.000; lack of control: t = 3.59, p = 0.000; total: t = 3.88, p = 0.000) except that of tolerance (t = 1.44, p = 0.153). In the same way, in the analysis of variables related to training we have been able to see that those who normally stay training longer than planned, or who usually feel bad the days they don't train, have tried to lower the level of training, without success, or who usually look bad after comparing themselves physically to other gym mates, tend to show higher values both in the total punctuation and in the majority of the dimensions of the scale.

Palavras-chave : bodybuilding; competition; dependency; athletic training; athletic performance; sports competitions; bodybuilding.

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