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Universitas Psychologica

Print version ISSN 1657-9267

Abstract

GOMEZ-ORTIZ, VIVIÓLA  and  MORENO, LORENA. Psychosocial Job Factors (Demand-Control and Effort-Reward Imbalance), Mental Health and Blood Pressure: A Study with High-School Teachers in Bogotá, Colombia. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.2, pp.393-407. ISSN 1657-9267.

The aims of this research was to identify the prevalence of the psychosocial factors at work, measured with the JCQ (Job Content Questionnaire) and ERI (Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire), in school teachers of Bogotá, and evaluate the relationship of this factors with mental health and blood pressure. This research was crossectional and correlational. A sample of 251 teachers answered the JCQ, the ERI and the General Health Questionnaire. Blood pressure was measured with digital wrist monitors. The participation was voluntary and anonymous. Results showed significant relationships between job strain and effort-reward imbalance with mental health but not with blood pressure for the total group. The results confirm the association between negative psychosocial factor at work with the mental health of school teachers, but not with the blood pressure for all the teachers.

Keywords : Job Strain; Effort-Reward Imbalance; Mental Health; Blood Pressure; School Teachers; Elementary School Teachers; Mental Health; Stress (Psychology); Blood Pressure.

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