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Universitas Psychologica

Print version ISSN 1657-9267

Abstract

PAVEZ, Paula; MENA, Luis  and  VERA-VILLARROEL, Pablo. The role of happyness and optimism as a protector factor of anxiety. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.2, pp.369-380. ISSN 1657-9267.

Protection and risk factors associated with anxiety were evaluated in 711 people, who reported different values in scales of anxiety, depression, happiness and optimism, including their socio-demographic background. Evidence that depression is a risk factor for anxiety state as a feature was found, which is in accordance with previous works, since this variable has been observed in comorbility to anxiety in people belonging to different age groups. It is also observed that happiness constitute a protective factor for both anxieties, while optimism is evinced as a protector of the anxiety feature. These results emphasize the need of further research, using positive and negative features as a whole, given the potential applications specialized in psychotherapeutic interventions for psychological disorders since this type of studies continue to be scarce.

Keywords : Anxiety; depression; happiness; optimism; Psichological tests; risk factors; quantitative research.

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