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Universitas Psychologica

Print version ISSN 1657-9267

Abstract

CARDENAS CASTRO, Manuel; PAEZ, Darío; ARNOSO, Maitane  and  RIME, Bernard. Predictors of Support toward Transitional Justice Process in Chilean General Population Sample. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.3, pp.67-77. ISSN 1657-9267.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/javeriana.upsy16.3.pstj.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the predictors of attitudes toward transitional justice process (1991, National Truth and Reconciliation Commission). No studies that report on the variables that could predict a positive evaluation of TRC in the Chilean context are currently available. A logistic regression analysis based on original survey data from Chile (N = 1267) was carried out to evaluate the work of truth commissions as the dependent variable (in terms of “approval” and “disapproval”). Results reveal that predictors of favorable attitudes towards truth and reconciliation commissions (TRC) include emotions such as sadness and hope, TRC contribution to truth and to the construction of an inclusive history (and to a lesser extent to justice), high social sharing, perception of a positive social climate, high institutional trust, and positive perception of official apologies. People supporting TRC also agree with complementary reparation, suggesting that a positive attitude towards TRC and less prone to denial of the traumatic past.

Keywords : Political violence; Transitional rituals; Truth and Reconciliation Commissions.

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