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Colombia Médica

versão On-line ISSN 1657-9534

Resumo

CAMPO, Adalberto  e  DIAZ, Luis Alfonso. Factors associated with daily cigarette smoking among 60-65 aged adults: a cross-sectional study. Colomb. Med. [online]. 2007, vol.38, n.4, pp.357-364. ISSN 1657-9534.

Background: Cigarette smoking decreases gradually with aging. However, an important number of people older than 60 years continue smoking. Objective: To know the prevalence and associated factors with daily cigarette smoking among adults aged between 60- and 65-years old from the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 60- and -65 years old adults. Sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, coffee intake, abusive alcohol consumption, common mental disorders, personality features (DSM-IV), and daily cigarette smoking within the last month were evaluated. Confounding factors were controlled with non-conditional logistical regression. Results: A group of 208 people were interviewed. The mean age was 62.9 years (SD, 2.0); the mean education was 6.1 years (SD, 3.7); 67.3% of them were women; 68.3% were married; 45.2% had an employ; 77.4% lived in middle class neighborhood; 40.9% suffered from a medical condition; 40.9% drunk coffee within the last month; and 12% reported a common mental disorder. A ratio of 30.8% reported cluster A personality features; 37.5%, cluster B; and 53.8%, cluster C. The prevalence of daily cigarette smoking was 6.3% (95% CI 3.0-9.6), and it was associated with daily coffee drinking (OR 13.9); after controlling for sex and abusive alcohol consumption. Conclusions: Cigarette smoking is present in one out of sixteen people aged 60-65 years-old, and it is related to other risk-health behaviors.

Palavras-chave : Smoking; Prevalence; Adult; Urban population; Public health.

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