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Colombia Médica

On-line version ISSN 1657-9534

Abstract

CUARTAS, Daniel Elías; ARIZA, Yoseth; PACHAJOA, Harry  and  MENDEZ, Fabián. Analysis of the spatial and temporal distribution of birth defects between 2004-2008 at a third-level hospital in Cali, Colombia. Colomb. Med. [online]. 2011, vol.42, n.1, pp.9-16. ISSN 1657-9534.

Objective: To describe the spatial and temporal distribution of major birth defects and to identify clusters at spatial, temporal and space-temporal levels. Methods: A descriptive study was developed about the space and time distribution of defects registered in Cali between March 2004 and October 2008 using principles of spatial statistics, namely the spatial data exploratory analysis. Results: Higher case density and prevalence was observed among neighborhoods of eastern Cali. Three districts («communes») of the 21 in the city showed a larger probability (50 to 100% larger) of major birth defects. Significant clusters (p<0.05) were proven in spatial, temporal and space-temporal analysis. Conclusions: Birth defects were confirmed clustered in several communes at the poorest areas of the city. Occurrence of defects in this area may be associated, at least in part, to social and environmental inequities.

Keywords : Birth defects; Cluster analysis; Social inequity; Environmental risks.

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