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Colombia Médica

versão On-line ISSN 1657-9534

Resumo

RINCON-HOYOS, Hernan G; CASTILLO, Alejandro  e  PRADA, Sergio I. Alcohol use disorders and psychiatric diseases in Colombia. Colomb. Med. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.1, pp.31-37. ISSN 1657-9534.

Background: An accurate understanding of co-occurrence and comorbidity of alcohol use disorders (AUD) in Colombia is crucial for public health. Objective: A secondary analysis was conducted, using a 2003/2004 government´s population database to determine the lifetime associations between AUD and other mental and addictive disorders in people of Colombia aged 18-65 years. Methods: Several statistical analysis were performed: testing prevalence difference in mental disorders by whether the individual had an AUD; a stratified analysis by gender and logistic regression analyses accounting for differences in demographic, socio-economic, behavioral and self-reported health status variables. Results: People with AUD comprised 9% of the population, of which 88% were males and on average 37 years old. They were more likely to be males, be working, and be current smokers; and less likely to be at home or retired. The population with AUD had greater chance to comply with criteria for all disorders but minor depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, nicotine dependence, and oppositional defiant disorder. Conclusion:This study demonstrates a high prevalence of mental disorders in the adult population with AUD in Colombia. The findings highlight the importance of comorbidity as a sign of disease severity and impact on public health and supports the need for training of more professionals and developing appropriate interventions and services.

Palavras-chave : Public health; alcoholism; alcohol abuse; alcohol related disorders; epidemiology; mental disorders; mood disorders; Colombia.

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