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Colombia Médica

On-line version ISSN 1657-9534

Abstract

SALAS, Roxana de las et al. Adverse drug reactions in hospitalized Colombian children. Colomb. Med. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.3, pp.142-147. ISSN 1657-9534.

Introduction:

The occurrence of adverse drug reactions is an important issue due to the lack of drug safety data in children.

Objective:

To describe the Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatient children under 6 years of age in two general pediatrics wards located in Barranquilla, Colombia.

Methods:

A prospective cohort study based on intensive pharmacovigilance was conducted during six months in order to monitor the emergence of Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatients children under 6 years of age with at least one medication prescribed. The study was conducted in two pediatric wards of two hospitals located in Barranquilla, Colombia. Naranjo´s Algorithm was used to evaluate imputability, the modified Hartwig and Siegel assessment scale to establish severity and the Schumock and Thornton criteria to determine preventability.

Results:

Of a total of 772 monitored patients, 156 Adverse Drug Reactions were detected on 147 children. The cumulative incidence of Adverse Drug Reactions was 19.0% (147/772); the incidence density was 37.6 Adverse Drug Reactions per 1,000 patients-days (147/3,913). The frequency was higher in children under 2 years of age (12.7%). Emergence of Adverse Drug Reactions was higher in male patients (RR= 1.66; 95% CI= 1.22-2.22, p= 0.001) and in those who used systemic antibiotics (RR= 1.82; 95% CI= 1.17-2.82, p= 0.005).

Conclusions:

Adverse Drug Reactions are common among hospitalized children and represent an additional burden of morbidity and risk, particularly in those who used several medicines, including antibiotics.

Keywords : Drug-related side effects; adverse reactions; pharmacovigilance; child; drug monitoring; Pediatrics; Risk Colombia.

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