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Colombia Médica

On-line version ISSN 1657-9534

Abstract

ORDONEZ, Carlos A et al. Trauma Registry of the Pan-American Trauma Society: One year of experience in two hospitals in southwest Colombia. Colomb. Med. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.3, pp.148-154. ISSN 1657-9534.

Background:

Trauma information systems are needed to improve decision making and to identify potential areas of intervention.

Objective:

To describe the first year of experience with a trauma registry in two referral centers in southwest Colombia.

Methods:

The study was performed in two referral centers in Cali. Patients with traumatic injuries seen between January 1 and December 31, 2012, were included. The collected information included demographics, mechanism of trauma, injury severity score (ISS), and mortality. A descriptive analysis was carried out.

Results:

A total of 17,431 patients were registered, of which 67.8% were male with an average age of 30 (±20) years. Workplace injuries were the cause of emergency consultations in 28.2% of cases, and falls were the most common mechanism of trauma (37.3%). Patients with an ISS ≥15 were mostly found in the 18-35-year age range (6.4%). Most patients who suffered a gunshot wound presented an ISS ≥15. A total of 2.5% of all patients died, whereas the mortality rate was 54% among patients with an ISS ≥15 and a gunshot wound.

Conclusion:

Once the trauma registry was successfully implemented in two institutions in Cali, the primary causes of admission were identified as falls and workplace injuries. The most severely compromised patients were in the population range between 18 and 35 years of age. The highest mortality was caused by gunshot wounds.

Keywords : Emergency care information systems; registries; data systems; trauma; wounds and injuries; trauma severity indices occupational injuries; cause of death.

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