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Biosalud

versão impressa ISSN 1657-9550

Resumo

ARISTIZABAL, William et al. CHARACTERIZATION OF MAMMARY NEOPLASIA BY ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY: CANINE MODEL. Biosalud [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.1, pp.50-61. ISSN 1657-9550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17151/biosa.2016.15.1.6.

Introduction: Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) it is an easy to use and low-cost technique that can be used to analyze biological tissues in normal or pathological condition. The goal of this work was to characterize benign and malign mammary gland neoplasms applying the EIS technique in 45 female dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). Methods: An impedance meter Hioki 3532-50 was used to determine bioelectric parameters, extracellular matrix resistance (R), intracellular matrix resistance (S), characteristic frequency (Cf), and membrane capacitance (Mc), which were obtained in a 42 Hz and 5 MHz frequencies range. Were statistically analyzed with the non-parametric test of two-tailed MannWhitney (Wilcoxon). The diagnostic precision of the test was performed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and two-way tables using histopathology results as reference. Results: Significant differences between healthy mammary tissue and benign neoplasms were found for variables R, Cf and Mc (p < 0.05). There were statistically major differences between the healthy mammary tissue and malign mammary tumors groups for R and Cf (p < 0.05). The comparison between malign and benign tumor lesions did not show a statistically significant difference, p-value > 0.05, for any of the variables included in this study. Conclusion: Among all parameters analyzed for EIS, the extracellular matrix resistance R is the one that best allows differentiating between healthy and neoplastic mammary tissues. EIS is a diagnostic tool that can be used for breast cancer detection with a diagnostic precision close to 801%.

Palavras-chave : neoplastic mammary gland; electrical impedance spectroscopy; extracellular matrix resistance.

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