Apuntes: Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
Print version ISSN 1657-9763
HERNANDEZ MARTINEZ, Ascensión. The Architecture of the Modern Movement: Between Disappearance and Reconstruction. Apuntes [online]. 2008, vol.21, n.2, pp. 156-179. ISSN 1657-9763.
For several decades the architecture of the Modern Movement has acquired a new value as new element in our cultural heritage in its condition of relevant testimony for the society and culture of 20th century. From the emergence of the postmodern era at the end of the sixties's decade in the last century, the Modern Movement reaches the condition of historically and, bathed in a kind of glory, begins to be longed for many contemporary architects. From this fascination there will arise the diverse attempts of reconstructions of key dissapeared masterpieces, phenomenon reinforced by the simultaneous restoration of paradigmatic buildings as the house of Rietveld in Utrecht, the Maison Double by Le Corbusier or the Villa of Adolf Loos's Dr. Müller in Prague. This topic practically ignored in the contemporary historiography, is approached in this essay from a triple perspective: first, the unavoidable summary of the sources and studies published on the conservation and restoration of the architecture of the Modern Movement; secondly, the discussion around the criteria of restoration that is the context where could be understood the phenomenon of the reconstruction of missing Works and, concluding, the detailed análisis of the most significant cases, with special atention to those realized in Spain.
Keywords : Spain; Europe; Rationalist Architecture; Conservation; Restauration; Reconstruction.