Apuntes: Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
versão impressa ISSN 1657-9763
HAAS LUCCAS, Luis Henrique. The modern brazilian arquitecture of the fifties: between the decline of the corbusian-carioca model and the rise of alternatives. Apuntes [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.1, pp. 32-45. ISSN 1657-9763.
This paper studies a variant of Brazilian architecture which has been mistakenly called "international style". Resulting form converging influences such as Mies van der Rohe, Marcel Breuer, the Case Study House Program and Concretism, among others, it has been very early adopted in São Paulo, defining an alternative to the then prevailing "Corbusian-carioca" model. Its constructive tone searched out features like synthesis, rationalism, atemporality and, consequently, universality, getting apart both from the corbusian matrix and the autochthonous bias which, together, have been answerable for that model's international success. This alternative pattern of modern architecture spread its influence towards other regions in Brazil, including the city of Porto Alegre, which got in touch with it by means of the winning proposition at the competition for the Legislative Palace of Rio Grande do Sul State (1958), designed by two architects from São Paulo. This project may be called a "dividing line" inside local architectural production. Moreover, it consequently contributed to reveal this "turning point" to the supremacy of carioca school architecture in Brazil. In the fifties this supremacy started to be shared with that dissenting production.
Palavras-chave : Modern Architecture in Brazil; Modern architecture in São Paulo; International Style; Modern Architecture in Porto Alegre; Legistative Palace of Rio Grande do Sul.