Apuntes: Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
versão impressa ISSN 1657-9763
RODRIGUEZ DOMINGUEZ, Cristian Pablo e SAAVEDRA TEIGUE, Andrea Alejandra. Araucanía (Chile) and his territory: a contrast between the ethereal and the material thing. Apuntes [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.2, pp. 150-161. ISSN 1657-9763.
The Araucania, located to the south of Chile, Is one of the territories which owns greater cultural diversity as a result of the colonization process that gave a hallmark to this zone at the end of XIX century. This can be appreciated in different manifestations; most of them find their maximum expression through architecture, which reflect a complex reality full of rites, sentimentalism and traditions as European as Chilean or Mapuche, that mix together in a multiethnic landscape. Old stations, historical neighbourhoods, forgotten country estates and peculiar cemeteries constitute the mentioned sceneries, and these are the richest ones, capable of synthesizing the relationships among several societies which manage to be united reaching a cultural syncretism that should be understood as a the Arauncania's distinctive. This bond with the space, the relationship with the environment and the modification of this, have generated, that in this 127 years of immigration, exist a permanent dialogue that can go beyond the time through social residual spaces, which are valuable sources to rebuild the history and understand the construction of one of the most heterogeneous territories of South America.
Palavras-chave : Colonization; cultural syncretism; territory.