Revista Opinión Jurídica
versão impressa ISSN 1692-2530
RUBIANO MUNOZ, Rafael Alfonso. Miguel Antonio Caro and the conservative thinking before Latin American independences. Opin. jurid. [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.17, pp. 193-214. ISSN 1692-2530.
During the XIX century, the polemical ideologies about conquer and colonization of America were intensified among the Latin American elites. A clear example was that of the orthodox conservative man called Miguel Antonio Caro (1843-1909), an active member of the Nationalist "Regeneration" Party and executor and main promoter of the "1886 Constitution." His political project conceived as missionary and patriotic was controversial. His political project intended to keep Spanish heritage and reject independence demanded by many radical liberals of the continent for reaching development and civilization of our peoples. This article evaluates the main ideas Caro had before the sociopolitical problem of Latin American independences, his passionate controversy while defending Spain as a means for recovering Hispanic civilization in our territories. After over 200 years of our independence, this article provides a possibility to give a second thought about our identity and nationality, based on one of the distinguished leaders and defenders of our Latin American thinking.
Palavras-chave : ndependences; conservative thinking; Hispanicism; liberalism; nation; citizenship.